A split end forms when your hair splits or frays at the end. They form when the cuticle, or outer layer of your hair, is damaged. The middle layer of hair is made from proteins that start to become unraveled. The clinical term for split ends is trichoptilosis. A head of hair with split ends will become frizzy.
There are several types of split ends. Marie Claire magazine has broken them down to six basic split and the mini are shaped like a Y, and commonly imply that your hair is thirsty and needs more nourishment. The fork in the road is an indication of serious harm and requires deep conditioning. The candle is when the outer cuticle of the hair is gone, while the knot commonly takes place with curly hair. The tree is when numerous strands are breaking off and a trim is usually the simplest solution.
Split ends are typically the result of outside elements which can be environmental, mechanical, chemical and physical reasons.
- Environmental — cold, rain, wind or intense heat are environmental issues which could harm hair.
- Mechanical — excessive blow drying and the usage of other devices such as curling irons can damage hair.
- Chemical — Overusing hair dyes, perming and other chemical applications can result in split ends and hair damage.
- Physical —the use of cheap brushes to brush wet hair will cause ends to split.
There are several steps you could take to stop split ends from forming. Experts suggest washing your hair every couple of days and not on a daily basis, and when shampooing, work the shampoo into the scalp. Bunching your hair together and scrubbing may also cause harm to the ends. Here are a few more ways to prevent the ends of your hair from breaking.
- Brush Wisely — Choose a brush with bendy bristles. While brushing, brush your hair from the ends to softly untangle hair. Starting from the scalp and brushing through from top to bottom can cause hair to bunch up and split the ends.
- Use Appliances Less— Try to take breaks from styling, particularly with heat induced appliances. Every so often let your hair air dry.
- Make Healthy Choices — A wholesome diet, exercising and drinking a lot of water is good for you and your hair.
Now it’s easier than ever to get expert advice and answers to your particular hair loss questions and concerns. At Transitions Hair Loss Centers, our caring, confidential approach to treatment provides clients with the ability to make a fully informed decision on which treatment options are best for their particular type of hair loss and lifestyle. To find the hair restoration studio nearest you click here.
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